Vol. 5 Núm. 1 (2020): Enero - junio

Intrafamilial relationships and their influence on academic performance

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e present investigation was carried out in the Educational Unit "Pio Jaramillo Alvarado" of the city of Loja, where the students of the tenth parallel year "A" of Basic General Education participated, aernoon section; in order to corroborate the different causes that affect the academic performance of the students. For which it was necessary the theoretical and scientific foundation of the object of study through its categories, determining the diverse causes that influence students during their academic process. e methodology applied in the research was approached through the scientific, qualitative, deductive - inductive, analytical and synthetic method that contributed in the quantitative analysis, the sample that was initially taken was 20 students, 9 teachers and 20 parents of family, its approach was quantitative-qualitative; the techniques used were participant observation, in-depth interview with structured questions previously analyzed by the researcher and focus roups which consisted of three sessions each. e information obtained allowed to determine that family relationships do influence the academic performance of students, caused by distrust, mistreatment, low affectivity, teenage pregnancy, illicit substance use, alcohol, work, health, economy, abandonment of home on the part of the father figure, which have caused a low performance in the students, who have generated daily calls to the Department of Student Counseling (DECE) and consequently, the approach of the parents to the Educational Institution is proceeded . e purpose of the research is to design a Social Action Plan to strengthen the bonds of trust between parents and children of the Educational Institution and be reflected during their educational training process.


Genesis Masa Sarango http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0938-9820 Yenny Moreno Salazar http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9549-1820 Ignacia Luzuriaga Granda http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7128-8046 Verónica Cabrera González http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5489-3321